- Is More Zen, Less Plus The Way to Go? http://ow.ly/1uqHOf. “Zen mode” in WordPress helps you to focus on writing #
- Google Plus Feature Request: Automatic Circles http://ow.ly/1uqH4n #
- Learning with ‘e’s: Seven reasons teachers should blog http://bit.ly/pVV9A8 #
- Reasons teachers don’t blog http://t.co/VKLcLIS #
- OER@UCT | Excellent video explaining Creative Commons http://bit.ly/qzgJFI #
- Sage on the Stage : Education Next http://bit.ly/norWHX. Is lecturing really all that bad? #
- Just installed #Apture for contextual highlighting http://bit.ly/qz9Mcx. Fantastic browser plugin #
- The Future of Hospital Apps http://rww.to/lw27UT #
- US publisher moves to make catalogue of over 4,000 academic texts available free online http://t.co/hqE0vuy #
- Google Plus: Is This the Social Tool Schools Have Been Waiting For? http://rww.to/kWEhwe #
- A critique of the role of social presence within the community of inquiry framework | IRRODL http://bit.ly/maDXnq #
- @damianrice Not sure what you mean 🙂 #
- @EranEyal no problem, talk sounds interesting, u know the URL? Would like to attend if possible #
- @gavdavis Thanks man, now we just have to get funding so that everyone can go 🙂 #
- 8 out of 9 abstracts submitted from UWC physio dept accepted for presentation at #WCPT congress. I’m just saying… #
- Just found out my abstract was accepted for the #WCPT congress in Amsterdam in June http://bit.ly/fLzPms. Yay me! #
- RT @daveduarte: RT @huddlemind: Blog post: “Your Tweets, Legalized”: http://bit.ly/gDvtVq #creativecommons /thanks @MaxKaizen @paulscott56 #
- RT @eraneyal will be doing a TED talk @ TEDx Cape Town 26 March. A study on how our Internet Social anthropology mimics that of our species #
- @mrgunn good point, will add a line to my bio mentioning the CC license. Not sure how else, unless u add to individual tweets? #
- @sbestbier thanks man, much appreciated #
- I have just licensed my tweet stream! Would you like to do the same? @ccsa http://tinyurl.com/4btb55f #
- RT @paulscott56: @justinspratt I would like to invite you to license your tweets http://tinyurl.com/4nyw9hq <-Very cool, thanks #
- @taravs84 Got back from writing retreat late yesterday afternoon. Back at work now. Will reply to email re. camping asap. #
- @taravs84 You have mad chair building skills 🙂 #
- What is it with researchers and peer review? http://ow.ly/1s0ebT #
- Social presence supports cognitive presence http://ow.ly/1s0ebv. Saw evidence of this in a wiki-based assignment I ran last year #
- A Future Without Personal History http://ow.ly/1s0e8u. Makes a good point re. self-archiving of personal digital communication #
- World’s Med Students Declare for Open Access http://ow.ly/1s0e7M. Will someone tell management at SASP, cause they’re not listening to me #
- Why Using 2 or 3 Simple Words May Be the Best Password Protection of All http://ow.ly/1s0e7p. Interesting #
- How to Fund Open Educational Resources: Department of Education or Kickstarter? http://ow.ly/1s0e6X #
- PHD comic: ‘Relationship status’ http://bit.ly/fg3kYF #
- RT @tucksoon: RT @john_larkin: This link is courtesy of the tireless Larry Ferlazzo: Useful Bloom’s Taxonomy “Pie” Chart http://j.mp/cx2Yn7 #
- RT @NancyWhite: “If eating sustains life biologically, storytelling sustains it culturally; a story gives a person a 2nd, 4th, 5th life.” #
- Reading Rita Kop Thesis May10 on Scribd http://scr.bi/9iTDxa #readcast #
- @cristinacost re. Google Scholar alerts…agreed. There should be more options for granularity in setting result preferences in reply to cristinacost #
- Cool Tool: Topsy Finds Most Influential Tweeters on Any Topic http://tinyurl.com/3236f7u #
- Crowdsourcing a Copyleft Campaign http://tinyurl.com/35qxjtg #
- Five Steps to a Great Title, from the APA style blog http://tinyurl.com/2v34ryu #
- Google. Where’s Our Doc? http://tinyurl.com/3434tup #
- The Ethics of Social Media for Health Care Students http://tinyurl.com/32e26hm #
- Get Out of the Echo Chamber to Improve Innovation http://tinyurl.com/3xlq5oj #
- Gumption: All models, studies and Wikipedia entries are wrong, some are useful. An insightful post worth reading http://bit.ly/aQRtAI #
- George Siemens’s blog: Moving social networked learning forward http://bit.ly/aqhuhj #
- Moving social networked learning forward http://bit.ly/aqhuhj #
- elearnspace › Web 3.0 (or, the extended web) http://bit.ly/bnHun1 #
- @cristinacost Thanks for your honest and very personal response, it is much appreciated and has given me a lot to think about. in reply to cristinacost #
- Learning Journey » Blog Archive » About a PhD… http://bit.ly/cwLKQd #
- Larry Lessig Challenges ASCAP Boss To A Debate Over Whether Or Not Creative Commons Undermines Copyright | Techdirt http://bit.ly/9RjB6k #
- The Not Very Open: “Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning” | cyberdash http://bit.ly/9Hu4TY #
- UWC physio students assisting with renovation project at home for disabled kids http://bit.ly/8YOX4E #
- Dilution http://xkcd.com/765/ #
- RT @wesleylynch: RT @Suhaifa: There are still some seats left for the @Realmdigital development workshop – http://bit.ly/aaG5g3 #
- RT @jonbecker: @courosa did u see the article re: Google Scholar in the new issue of Educational Researcher? http://bit.ly/dhVaql #
- Diigo V5.0: Nice new features & added Android support http://bit.ly/cdzAAc #
- danah boyd on streams, attention & information flow through social media. Audio: http://bit.ly/dvHqLa and text: http://bit.ly/ajowkr #
- PLE_BCN Conference – Day 1 « Mediendidaktik 2.0 http://bit.ly/c1icmz #
- @cristinacost #ece11 (http://bit.ly/heZE1) looks great too…sigh. Too many cool things to see, too little time in reply to cristinacost #
- @cristinacost I’ve been going through the interviews and some of the presentations…looks like it was awesome 🙂 in reply to cristinacost #
- RT @cristinacost: RT @virtualleader: RT @pgsimoes From Personal to Social (@sguilana & @marett) #PLE_BCN http://slidesha.re/ciuEbE #
- RT @cristinacost: RT @hugodom: YouTube – #PLE_BCN Interviews http://goo.gl/cScU #
- Web Developer Intern at Cognician / MemeJobs @ Memeburn.com http://bit.ly/bvFiWL #
- The SA Fallacy: Open Knowledge Foundation Gets It Wrong | iterating toward openness http://ht.ly/23xnD #
- Reading “The blind watchmaker”, Dawkins does for evolution what Sagan did for physics #
- Summary of Eric Mazur’s presentation on using technology to engage students http://ht.ly/23oMz #
- The darn drop outs and lurkers. Suggestions to address the issue ay P2PU http://ow.ly/1qDjMm #
- Learning with ‘e’s: Teaching with Twitter. Some nice ideas for using Twitter in the classroom http://bit.ly/bJGOLU #
- New #Hootsuite web UI is beautiful. Their #Android app is also brilliant, might even replace #Seesmic as my mobile client #
- Reading Wikis as Social Networks: Evolution and Dynamics on Scribd http://scr.bi/9TQqpo #readcast #
- Google Scholar has just launched a blog. They must have a decent academic following if if they’re blogging now http://bit.ly/ank7yw #
- Open, distributed social networks, from Linux News http://bit.ly/dc3LvW #
- Diaspora social networking project looks interesting. Looking forward to public release http://bit.ly/biDUKh #
- @rosemaryzummak Welcome 🙂 Try 2 find a few people who are talking about things you’re interested in. Search for topics and see who’s active in reply to rosemaryzummak #
- Guidelines on things to consider when buying into an LMS service provider, from Pontydysgu http://bit.ly/clrcT1 #
- Learning spaces and e-portfolios, from Pontydysgu http://bit.ly/ctCPjz #
- Long-Term Yardsticks – helping children find their passion, instead of worrying about low test scores, from 2¢ Worth http://bit.ly/9ghnqc #
- Digital story telling stops plagiarism as students’ must be personal and draw from own experiences, from Pontydysgu http://bit.ly/disrWv #
- Interesting Q&A platform called formspring.me http://bit.ly/a3Wfo4 #
- Online Learning May Slightly Hurt Student Performance…if by “online learning” u mean watching lectures by video http://tinyurl.com/38n2hbk #
- Chrome extensions for Google Docs. Really nice if you’re a heavy Docs user http://tinyurl.com/3x78lcy #
- In 20 yrs SA will b in the top 5 ranked teams in world soccer. Tonight we got a glimpse of what SA is capable of. Proud of u Bafana #wc2010 #
- RT @IvoVegter: No comment. RT @EveD: Hmm. @ivovegter lives in Knysna. So does the #FRA team. Coincidence? Sabotage? Hmmmm… #
- Request for OER Material | OER Africa http://bit.ly/b4UQBO #
- I could survive for 1 minute, 6 seconds chained to a bunk bed with a velociraptor! http://bit.ly/8b9vop from the voluptuous @oatmeal #
- AP Biology: Final “Evaluation”. Awesome use of Google Moderator for class evaluation http://bit.ly/aGzkt6 #
- Badass of the Week: Flora Sandes http://bit.ly/cj8HEM #
- Interesting approach to collaborative keynoting, at SITE 2008 conference http://bit.ly/dfztju #
- Reading Blogging as a reflective tool in physiotherapy ethics on Scribd http://scr.bi/cRvavP #readcast #
- Published Abstract – The Use of ICT by SA Physio Students on Scribd http://scr.bi/ab9Tkt #readcast #
- Published Abstract – Bringing Human Rights Into Focus in Medical Education on Scribd http://scr.bi/d3mcz2 #readcast #
- @jcmm33 Touche 🙂 I was more impressed at the rate of improvement, seems they have a new feature every week since launching the new backend in reply to jcmm33 #
- Google Docs Now Does OCR for Images & PDFs (Sort Of). Docs just keeps getting better http://tinyurl.com/36gddzf #
- Just finished reading Daemon by Daniel Suarez. Best fiction I’ve read in ages (see here for preview chapters) http://bit.ly/97VJjz #
- Everything you need to know about the internet | Technology | The Observer http://bit.ly/aV0uhM #
- The use of ICT to support South African physiotherapy students. My first ever conference presentation from 2008 http://bit.ly/bLkL4L #
- Jake Shimabukuro performs @TEDxTokyo, via Garr’s posterous. Beautiful http://bit.ly/d4XmnL #
- RT @malinkaiva: An overview of the most important trends in ICT innovation in Higher education (2011-2014): http://tinyurl.com/24tfdc9 #
- Webicina.Com • About Us. Interesting medical startup by @berci http://bit.ly/aaYKmk #
- From @giustini: Digital communities of practice [early draft]. Good resource for anyone interested in digital CoP http://bit.ly/90zxt6 #
- @ryantracey It’s clear that no-1owns the internet, but what are the consequence if large sections of it shut down? As u say…interesting in reply to ryantracey #
I’m a young(-ish) and relatively inexperienced author who lately has had a few concerns about the direction of the South African Journal of Physiotherapy (SAJP). I’m proud of the high quality research that is being conducted in the field of rehabilitation and health sciences in South Africa, and like every other academic, researcher and author, I’m trying to make a useful contribution to the field. My concern however, is that most (if not all) of the wonderful research that’s done in this country will never be seen by anyone who is not a member of the South African Society of Physiotherapy.
After thinking about some of these issues, I thought I’d take this opportunity to write to you, in the hope that you might consider some of the benefits of moving the SAJP towards an open access model of publication. I’m sure you’re aware of the disruption taking place in the publishing industry at the moment, with content creators using what are effectively free services to bypass the traditional publication process entirely. Consider the following statement:
“Scientific publishers should be terrified that some of the world’s best scientists, people at or near their research peak, people whose time is at a premium, are spending hundreds of hours each year creating original research content for their blogs, content that in many cases would be difficult or impossible to publish in a conventional journal. What we’re seeing here is a spectacular expansion in the range of the blog medium. By comparison, the journals are standing still.” Nielson, M. (2004)
The warning signs of disruption in an industry can be seen when there is a sudden proliferation of entities offering similar services that fulfill a customer’s need. With that in mind, consider that in the last few years there has been a significant increase in the number of new journals that are open access (BioMed Central, PLoS Medicine), or established journals that are moving towards an open model of publication (Pubmed Central, British Medical Journal, Physiotherapy Canada). These and many other high profile academic journals have recognised the importance of making peer-reviewed research available for everyone in the world, and taken the step towards making it a reality. They recognise that knowledge is essentially useless unless it can be accessed by anyone who wants it, and they accept their social and educational responsibility to advance new and important ideas in a world that is desperately in need of answers to desperate problems.
Opening access to scientific research is in everyone’s best interest, as the journal increases it’s readership, authors increase their citations, and anyone interested in that particular paper gets to read it. If the role of the academic journal is to register, certify, disseminate and preserve ideas, open access seems to be the most efficient way to achieve these goals. Indeed, providing the results of research to anyone with an internet connection must be the best way to make sure that the ideas published in scientific papers are original, disseminated widely and preserved. If publishers don’t seize the opportunity to benefit from a move towards openness, they may find authors increasingly self-archiving their works, leaving traditional publishers out of the loop entirely. These tools are available, free to use and provide researchers with an alternative that would see their work being spread far more widely than if it were stuck behind a paywall.
Researchers have the most to gain by the open access movement, and may soon question the usefulness of a gated system that severely limits the reach of their scientific contributions. Any author will tell you that what they want most of all is for more people to read and cite their work. With most papers essentially invisible to most researchers, how is the status quo benefiting authors? If publishers don’t begin moving towards opening up access, they may find themselves without any relevant content, as scholars establish open repositories in which to deposit the final, peer-reviewed drafts of their work. The University of the Western Cape has recently created a Research Repository, and other institutions will surely follow, perhaps making use of the Open Archive Initiative to ensure cross-institution / international compatibility. The time is approaching when authors will ask why they should pay for access to knowledge when the cost of self-publication is essentially zero (and the cost of purchasing articles is enormous)?
On the periphery of the publication problem, there are also calls for copyright law as it relates to academic publication be revised, and that this “rebellion” should be led by academics in higher education. In addition, some have argued that the entire system of scientific publication is broken, with powerful academic journals and publishers actually hindering the progress of science. In the end though, innovation will happen, with or without the participation of academic journal publishers, and opening up access to peer-reviewed research could be the first step. Creative Commons licensing provides authors and publishers with less restrictive options with which to release content, and is increasingly being embraced by the academic community.
I see this disruption of the publication industry as an opportunity for the SASP to lead the way forward as an example for other academic journals, both locally and internationally. You have the chance to be among the first to offer the collective knowledge of South African physiotherapists to the world, and play an important part in the development and upliftment of our shared communities of practice.
I hope that the ideas outlined in this letter provide enough background for you to consider opening up access to the SAJP. I look forward to your response.
PS. See the following links for additional information on the topic:
- “A domain of one%u2019s own”, Jim Groom discusses online / digital identity – http://j.mp/4jmNmD #
- Lessig calls for copyright rebellion from academics and scientists http://j.mp/2y4H2D #
- Times Higher Education – Laws of the academic jungle http://j.mp/3UuYPY #
- Times Higher Education – ‘There%u2019s no better job’ than a university professor http://j.mp/3UuYPY #
- Clive Thompson on the New Literacy. Technology may radcially improve writing skills http://j.mp/15TQZP #
- ‘You Geeks Have to Become Radical Militant Activists’ – Lessig’s plea to academics to play a role in shaping copyright http://bit.ly/4jLrPg #
- 7 Things You Should Know About Personal Learning Environments | EDUCAUSE – http://j.mp/2N72q6 #
- Open Source Science? Or Distributed Science? : Common Knowledge – http://j.mp/4EMAr7 #
- OER stories/Free Courseware Project, UWC – OER_Wiki – http://j.mp/1noQRK #
- International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning – Openness and the Future of Higher Education http://bit.ly/1gifVE #
- Attribution v. Citation : Common Knowledge. Interesting to note the difference http://bit.ly/2ojEPx #
- Twitter Data Analysis. Interesting insight into Twitter use. Makes me think twice about Twitter-hype http://bit.ly/3HM9W3 #
- SHERPA – the future of scholarly communication. Interesting site with useful information re. self archiving by authors http://bit.ly/1DJiGE #
- 8 Principles of Open Government Data http://bit.ly/L6qtr #
- Med Students Use P2P to Acquire Journal Research http://bit.ly/4qQyHW #
- Google is the matrix? http://tr.im/E5cB #
- @paulscott56 Not sure how Chisimba is different to an LMS? Teachers still control the learning environment? Can students export their data? in reply to paulscott56 #
- A Personal Cyberinfrastructure…forget about the LMS | EDUCAUSE http://bit.ly/2EIzpE #
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My presentation at SAAHE looked at the use of blogging as a tool to facilitate ethical and clinical reasoning among final year physiotherapy students in my department. The abstract is available here, and I’ve shared the presentation slides on Slideshare.
You can either view it online, or download it. I’ve shared it under this Creative Commons license that allows you to do anything you want with it under the following conditions:
- You may not sell it
- If you share or adapt it (and you may), you must tell people where you got it from
- If you share it, you must share it under the same conditions that you received it
Full URL to access the presentation on Slideshare:
Note: I also took the opportunity to upload some of the other presentations I’ve given recently (also in OpenDocument format). See the tab, “More by user”.
When I took over the modules I currently teach, I inherited several folders containing the course readers for each subject, which had been “developed” over many years. They consisted mainly of a selection of photocopied or typed pages, loosely related, inconsistently formatted, poorly referenced, often duplicated and impossible to search. When students needed to find a paragraph or definition, it was a case of trying to remember if it was more towards the beginning, middle or end of the reader, opening it up and flicking through it page by page until they found what they were looking for. This clearly wouldn’t do.
The readers had to be converted into a digital format. Some of the more obvious advantages of digital text over printed text are highlighted in the introduction of Michael Wesch‘s video titled “The machine is us/ing us“. While the video is actually about the semantic web and how we’re creating meaningful relationships between content through our actions (clicking links), it does illustrate that the starting point is digital text.
I’ve spent a lot of my free time over the past year or so typing, collating, editing, formatting, referencing and indexing all of the original content from those course readers, as well as adding images, and links to videos (mainly YouTube) and open access research articles (like PubMed Central, BioMed Central and IJAHSP). It’s now possible to auto-generate a table of contents, which eliminates searching in the printed version, and regularly updating the reader to better reflect the latest evidence is trivial. I’ve added self-study questions related to additional reading after each section, as well as empty space for guided reflection on the topic just covered. The text is consistently formatted, as are the headings and references, which provide a framework for an easier understanding of the work.
I’ve also provided the digital version of each course reader to the students, so that they can update it as they see fit. I hope that as they develop as physiotherapists, their digital readers might be upgraded often and possibly converted to other formats. I’ve had one student ask about installing a wiki locally on his machine and moving the content into it. Finally, I removed the generic copyright notice on the cover and added a Creative Commons license.
The next logical step is to move the “official” course reader into a shared wiki and encouraging students to make changes there. If this were to be integrated with social bookmarking and blogs, it might facilitate real engagement with the subject, which I think might be a good thing.
I came across Physiopedia when the site creator, Rachael Lowe, followed me on Twitter. Physiopedia is a free (to access, not edit) physiotherapy reference that has a great emphasis on being evidence based. You must be a registered physiotherapist to get an account that enables you to contribute, which is how the site maintains quality control. A quick overview of the articles reveals that this is indeed a high quality resource for physiotherapy clinicians, educators and students. Perhaps the best thing about each article is not only the concise information it presents, but the reference list it provides for each article, pointing the reader to original resources. It’s a very impressive effort.
You may wonder why I’m mentioning Physiopedia since my own site, OpenPhysio, is an attempt to be the same thing…a free physiotherapy resource for clinicians, educators and students. There are however, some differences that I think are worth pointing out, the main one of which is the issue of licensing. All the content published on OpenPhysio is specifically released under this Creative Commons license, which allows anyone to take that content and share, distribute and adapt the work, so long as they provide attribution to the original source, don’t make any money from it, and agree to share it under the same conditions. I think this is an important distinction that in itself, is enough to differentiate the two projects. Not that Physiopedia is using some heinous license, it’s just that it’s not specifically open. The other thing that stands out immediately is the clean aesthetic and writing style of Physiopedia.
I think that there’s a lot of work that needs to be done on OpenPhysio if it’s going to participate in a field with such high quality content, but that’s the whole point isn’t it? As long as there are people pushing this agenda, the future of free and open content is looking good. At the end of the day, the more information that’s available for physiotherapists and students, the stronger we’ll become as a profession.
Note (06/04/09): I just received an email from Rachael stating that Physiopedia used the GFDL, a great license for promoting open content.
We had our first session of the Mozilla Open Education Course earlier this evening and it was pretty interesting. There were a few technical issues with sound but generally it was very well done. Thanks to everyone who made it possible.
Here’s a few notes that I took during the session. I know the video will be available later but I took notes anyway and listed the comments from the presenter as it was happening, so there may be errors. If I’ve made any mistakes, please let me know.
Mark Surman (from the Mozilla foundation)
Spoke about why Mozilla is involved and what the foundation’s motivations are.
Why do the course?
Students are living and learning on the web. Education is not working and the web is making this even clearer.
Educators need to teach like the web, using these building blocks:
- (open) content
- (open) tech
- (open) pedagogy
This course is about using these building blocks…all 3 need to come together in order for open education to work.
Why do Mozilla and CC care?
To promote openness, participation and distributed decision-making as a core part of internet life. Education is critical to this.
Also, an experiment to:
- share skills
- new ideas
- more allies
- …have fun
Frank Hecker (Mozilla Foundation)
Elaborated on previous presentation
- Teach people about Mozilla
- Create learning opportunities around Mozilla technology and practices
- Bring new people into the Mozilla camp
- Create a global community of Mozilla educators
- Mozilla curriculum at Seneca college
- Incorporate Mozilla-related topics into coursework
- http://education.mozilla.org – repo for course materials created
- People learn things best when participating directly in the communities around that project
Question: will we be able to make our own ff addon? Yes
Ahrash Bissell (ccLearn)
Why is Creative Commons involved in learning?
It’s mission is to minimise the legal, technological and social barriers to sharing and reusing educational materials.
Focusses on ways to improve opportunities for and education:
- Teach about OER
- Solve problems (built the “discover” tool for OER)
- Build and diversify community (education is traditionally subdivided into camps e.g. university, high school). Open education transcends these boundaries. Boundaries useful but should be permeable.
- Explore better pedagogical models (learning is not something that happens in a delimited way, ideally it should be enjoyed and embraced all the time. Models haven’t penetrated, everything the same way for the last 50 years (deeply entrenched)
- Empower teachers and learners (certain expectations of students / teachers, “this is what it means to teach/learn”. Little power to engage as “scientists” in teaching / learning and make adjustments. Open source development models – emphasisise feedback, creating a system that allows experimentation in an open, transparent, participatory way.
Embrace overarching principle for engaged padagogies, not new but has become inevitable.
- Constant, formative feedback (must want to be assessed)
- Education for skills and capacities, not rote knowledge (the internet makes it obvious why this is the way to go, “knowledge” is already everywhere, thinking is more important. “Skilled learners”.
- Leverage human and material capital effectively (reaching into peer groups)
- Consider the bulding blocks of a participatory learning system
- Enjoy learning
Philip Schmidt (Peer 2 Peer University)
Provided an overview of the project / sessions
Background readings available on course wiki / 20 min. interviews
Draw up a blueprint for individual / group projects:
- (open) technology platform
- (open) licensing
- (open) pedagogical approach
Idea – blueprint – prototype – project!
Good idea to feed into ongoing things, like:
- Mozilla education portal
- Firefox plugins
- Decide on groups
- Start sketching
- Ideas more important than detail
- A picture
- Enough detail to start building